The column eluent was monitored with a photodiode array detector, and the quantitative analysis of BZDs was performed at 225 nm. Treatment -II, sanchinosides Rb1, Re, R1, Rg1 and Rh1 identified by TLC, HPLC, IR, M.P., 13C NMR and EI-MS. Saponin components of the cell cultures were almost the same as those of the cultivated plants. © 2018, Editorial Office of Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs. HPLC was used for evaluation of pharmacokinetic parameters of sildenafil. The method employs an internal standard to give high, Objective To study the changes of chemical constituents and pharmacodynamics with different drying methods (sun- drying, 50 ℃ vacuum-drying, 50 ℃ and 80 ℃ heat-drying, freeze drying method) in Bufonis Venenum. Senna is also an FDA-approved nonprescription over-the counter laxative. Persimmon and papaya were used to support healthy stomach function and digestion. In TCM : Chinese Mallow Seed : Dong Kui Zi Malva Crispa is a related species. The sample solution for TLC was applied to silica gel 60 F(254) plates with chloroform/ammonia solution (28)/methanol (70:5:3, lower layer) and chloroform/diethylamine/methanol (15:3:2) as the developing solvent. the tested organisms. Brew for about 5 – 10 minutes. Recommended daily dosages vary between manufacturers. Shimizu N, Asahara H, Tomoda M, et al. A selective and validated HPLC method for the analysis of anthraquinones in noni fruits and leaves has been developed and is reported for the first time. The study includes physicochemical studies and development of chemical markers by HPTLC fingerprinting of seed samples from different geographical zones.The study revealed that the seed samples procured from different zones have similar physico-chemical values and chemical profile. knipholone-type compounds. The seeds are used as anthelmintic, digestive, to treat piles, skin diseases and abdominal troubles.The present communication deals with the chemical standardization of the seeds of C. angustifolia. Lucidin, rubiadin and alizarin were not detected in any of the noni samples. Helpful. Herbal Slimming Tea Answered by: Susan Eagles Question from: Karla Posted on: May 26, 1998 I would like to know more about "china slim tea". The HPLC analysis was performed on a column of Wakosil 5C18 (4.6 mm x 150 mm, 5 microm) with water/methanol/acetonitrile/triethylamine (580:250:170:1) adjusted with phosphoric acid to pH 3.0 as the mobile phase, and the effluent was monitored with a photo-diode-array detector. 2 Senna is a strong purgative that should be taken in proper dosage otherwise it may lead to gripping and colon problem. Malva Leaf (Malva verticillata, Dong Kui Zi) Tea (50 Tea Bags, ZIN: 427499) 3.9 out of 5 stars 4. The full sequence of CMV-DXC CP was determined, and it had the highest nucleotide identity (99.4%) of those of CMV-lily, CMV-WSJ and CMV-Hnt, respectively. Intra- and inter-day precisions of 1 were determined to be less than 5.3%. Meridian associated : Urinary Bladder, Small Intestine and Large Intestine Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. The ELISA technology described here is available for the screening of T4 in adulterated supplements. Recently, here in the West, people have discovered the value of this ancient system. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. antimicrobial effect of extracts in solvents of acetone, methanol including aqueous extracts of leaf powders grown in The procedure described here is available for the screening of PHE and SIL in adulterated supplements. Increasing milk flow during breast-feeding. Key-Words: Cassia angustifolia, Leaf extracts, Antibacterial activity, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli. Our previous report showed that sennosides are contained in weight-reducing herbal teas including malva leaves, and that senna leaf is a herbal component in some teas. Structural features and reticuloendothelial system-potentiating activity of MVS-I, the major neutral polysaccharide. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica (Acta Pharmaceut. Medicinal ingredients: 100% natural Senna (Senna alexandrina, leaves), mallow (Malva verticillata). Shimizu N, Asahara H, Tomoda M, et al. The leaf of Malva verticillata L. did not contain sennosides A or B and could be easily distinguished from senna leaf. Uncontrolled Blood Sugar: How Dangerous Is It? Conclusion The appearance of B. Venenum met the criterion of pharmacoperia by sun-drying and 50 ℃ heat-drying method. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Shimizu N, Tomoda M. Constituents of the seed of Malva verticillata. The presence of only trace amounts in the noni fruits and leaves may help to eliminate safety concerns regarding anthraquinone contents. The total content of vanillin found was 1.82 g% and 0.21 g% for herbal drug and tincture, respectively. Cassia angustifolia Vahl (Leguminosae), commonly known as ''sanaai,'' is employed in various indigenous systems of medicine against several diseases, and almost every part of the plant has diverse medicinal properties. The results showed that the remarkable inhibition of the bacterial growth was shown against The chromatographic procedure was validated to separate and quantify vanillin in herbal material and tincture from pods of V. planifolia. Malva crispa (L.) L.; M. verticillata L. var. VIII. Smith degradation of MVS-VI, the major acidic polysaccharide, and anti-complementary activity of products. ANALYSIS OF ANTHRAQUINONE IN PULPING LIQUORS AND PULP PRODUCTS BY HPLC AND TLC. Shimizu N, Tomoda M. Constituents of the seed of Malva verticillata. The method was linear (R2> 0.99) and demonstrated repeatability (RSD < 0.90), intermediate precision (RSD < 1.09), recovery (93.12-113.74%), as well as robustness (RSD < 4.33). M. verticillata is an annual or biennial that grow up to 1.7 meters in high and can inhabit woodland areas of different soil types. Spots were located under UV radiation at 254 nm. It was noted that the percentage of active principles (sennoside A and B) varied significantly in samples procured from different parts of the country. … Tomoda M, Asahara H, Gonda R, Takada K. Constituents of the seed of Malva verticillata. Bergamot Herb Tea. At right: Botanical illustration of senna. What it contains - Apart from senna leaf, Uncle Lee's Dieters Tea contains Chinese mallow or Malva Verticillata. The mature mericarps of Malva verticillata have lateral veins that are prolonged into small teeth along the margin of the mericarp, but there is no continuous marginal wing. Malva Leaves. These glycosides stimulate the peristalsis of the colon and alter colonic absorption and secretion resulting in fluid accumulation and expulsion. crispa L. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Fields, roadsides, waste areas. The procedure described here can provide a broad analysis in a single run within 17 min and is available for the screening of seven BZDs in adulterated supplements with minimal sample preparation. However it was noted that the percentage of active principles (sennosides A & B) varied significantly in samples procured from different parts of the country.Detailed chemical studies are useful in establishing physicochemical standards and biologically active chemical markers for correct identification and authentication. View abstract. This survey is being conducted by the WebMD marketing sciences department. (check all that apply). respectively. II and laccaic acid d-methyl ester, together with their corresponding pre-anthraquinones were detected in 129 species. Quick view Compare Choose Options. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1 . To release T4 from thyroglobulin, samples were first hydrolyzed with proteolytic enzyme, and then the supernatant was diluted and directly analyzed using a commercial free T4 ELISA kit for diagnostic discrimination. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. This includes the leaves, the flower, and the root which have been known to have demulcent, nutritive, alterative, diuretic, vulnerary, and mildly laxative actions. This can also be achieved by consuming Malva leaves, seeds and supplements.. Benefits of Malva’s tea As an Expectorant: Those who have respiratory … 2010;48(6):1466-72. The total extraction of vanillin was achieved after three extraction cycles, using 1.0 g of herbal material and Ethanol 50% (v/v) as solvent. respect to plant height, plant biomass, leaf number and leaf mass. The contents of sennosides A and B in leaves and pods of Cassia angustifolia Vahl have been determined and the results were as follows: sennoside A 0.64, 1.46% and sennoside B 1.57, 2.30%. View abstract. DAS-ELISA suggested CMV was likely associated with the diseased Chinese mallow. The amount of sennosides ranged from about 0.2 mg to 11 mg in a dose of dietary supplements. Therefore, the isolated glycosyl glycerides were evaluated for their anti-cancer effects such as cytotoxicity in human cancer cell lines as well as apoptotic mechanisms examined by the Tali assay and western blotting for PARP, caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax, and b-actin, proteins involved in apoptosis. Detox Tea Blend – Detoxify contains. This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Senna is a yellow-flowered plant that typically grows in India and China. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Niðurstöður sýna að ginsenosíð innihald er mjög mismikið í þeim afurðum sem rannsóknin tók til, bæði hvað varðar heildarstyrk ginsenosíða og innbyrðis hlutfall þeirra. The seed is characterized by a finely ridged seed coat and palisade-like malpighian cells, discontinuous transparent linea lucida in the upper half of the malpighian layer, hilum simple and oblong. With the exception of the three species of the series Serrulatae, 1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinones (chrysophanol and asphodelin) were detected in all the species sampled. dried samples on five different tumor cell lines proliferation by MTT assay. The results further confirmed CMV was the pathogen causing Chinese mallow stunted, mosaic disease. Additionally, the use of laxatives isn't considered a safe way to lose weight or reduc… Thyroxine (T4), one of the thyroid hormones, in adulterated dietary supplements was analyzed using two different methods; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and LC/MS. Prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, 4'-O-beta-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, sec-O-glucosylhamaudol and cimifugin should be present simultaneously in S. divaricata. Thin-layer chromatography offers a reliable, though approximate, means of estimating AQ at minimum cost. Malva Leaf (Malva verticillata, Dong Kui Zi) Tea (25 Tea Bags, Zin: 427498) All parts of the sweetish, bland-tasting malva flower can be used to support health. It grows up to 2 M. Best used for Thirst and Diarrhea. These observations are supported by TLC profiles. The virus in naturally infected, stunted Chinese mallow plants and mosaic leaves was identified as Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV). Health Benefits & Side Effects of Senna Leaves. The evidence presented in this paper indicates that the enhanced anthocyanin production is related to different levels of oxidative stress induced by silver nitrate to the plant tissues. Initial results show that the high-performance liquid chromatography method is also applicable to pulp extracts, tall oil, and tall oil soaps that contain anthraquinone. Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? The study includes macro-and microscopical details, SEM studies, fluorescence study of powder, physicochemical studies, and HPTLC fingerprinting. Vitamins and Supplements to Avoid with Hepatitis C. Quiz: What Do You Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency? Tea Haven. Method – 1: Boil 1 ½ cup of water and add either senna leaves or tea bag. View abstract. aloesaponarin I, aloesaponarin. VII. An easily available, simultaneous identification/determination procedure for phentolamine (PHE) and sildenafil (SIL) in adulterated dietary supplements was established by using a combination of three different analytical methods; thin-layer chromatography (TLC), liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)/photo-diode-array. T4 was detected in four of the samples and the analytical results by ELISA agreed well with those obtained by LC/MS. Sin. The leaves containing sennosides are efficient sources of health teas. We believe that sennosides of dietary supplements are derived from senna leaves and midribs, which contaminate the raw materials of senna stem. others, and these were identified by comparison with characteristic components of senna using a stereoscopic microscope. All rights reserved. One of the latest trends in healthy supplements is the malva verticillata plant, more commonly known as Chinese mallow or mallow. View abstract. Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with CHINESE MALLOW. This tea improves digestive health and has the ability to work as a natural laxative. Organic Malva Verticillata – Is known as a natural laxative and will assist in relieving constipation. All information will be used in a manner consistent with the WebMD, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. It is recommended to drink 1 cup of tea after your main meal and will generally take effect between 6-12 hours. Ballerina tea, also known as 3 Ballerina tea, is a potent herbal tea made with senna (Cassia Angustifolia) and Chinese mallow (Malva verticillata). The genera Bulbine, Bulbinella and Kniphofia elaborate, Ligang Zhou, Guangzhi Zheng, Fanyuan Gan, Shilin Wang, Chongren Yang, Chun Xu. Studies not only explore the possibility of utilization but also co-relates/authenticates the materials with the commercial formulation for market acceptability and competency. See all reviews. Benefits and Side-effects of drinking 3 Ballerinas Herbal Tea This tea is clearly a laxative and diuretic, thus the weight loss would most likely be as a result of water loss, rather than fat loss at all. The amount of sennosides ranged from about 0.2 mg to 11 mg in a dose of dietary supplements. The zone of inhibition of extracts was com pared with that of The present study was carried out to determine the potential antimicrobial agent from leaf extracts of medicinal plant To our knowledge, this is the first report of CMV infecting Chinese mallow in China. Jeong YT, Song CH. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors. The young leaves of malva are harvested in the spring, and its blossoms are gathered in the summer and early fall. ), 1991, 26(10): 876-880. Cluster Mallow, Cluster Malva, Malva, Malva verticillata, Mauve Chinoise, Mauve Crépue, Mauve Frisée, Mauve Verticillee, Whorled Mallow. The study includes macro- and microscopical details, SEM studies, fluorescence study of powder, physicochemical studies, and HPTLC fingerprinting. The Dangers of Diet Herbal Tea. $11.26. ginsenosides and the total ginsenoside concentration. Both the herbs have laxative properties, which is why drinking this tea can mean long uncomfortable hours in the bathroom as the body gets rid of toxins and excess water. Cassia angustifolia Vahl, commonly known as ‘Sanaai’, is employed in various indigenous systems of medicine against several diseases. Tea Haven. It was noted that the percentage of active principles (sennoside A and B) varied significantly in samples procured from different parts of the country. Cassia angustifolia against Escherichia coli (gram-negative) and Staphylococcus aureus (gram-positive).The Glycosyl glycerides from the aerial parts of Malva verticillata and their chemopreventive effects, Antibacterial activity of Cassia angustifolia (Vahl.) Cassia angustifolia. Comment Report abuse. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Characterization and immunological activities of a novel acidic polysaccharide. The isolate was named CMV-DXC. Organic Malva Verticillata – Is known as a natural laxative and will assist in relieving constipation. Constituents of seed of Malva verticillata. We believe that sennosides of dietary supplements are derived from senna leaves and midribs, which contaminate the raw materials of senna stem. Structural features of the major neutral polysaccharide. The residue was dissolved in the mobile phase and analyzed by LC/MS with electrospray ionization (ESI) interface under positive ion mode. It is biennial. The current communication provides a detailed account of the pharmacognostic investigation carried out on the seeds of C. angustifolia. Malva-T is a traditional medicinal herbal tea with digestive and laxative properties. The Malva or Chinese Mallow plant (Malva verticillata) is a member of the Malvaceae family, which also includes the Marsh Mallow and the Hibiscus. Quick view Compare Choose Options. Next. Ingredients. The seeds are used as an anthelmintic, digestive, and to treat piles, skin diseases, and abdominal troubles. Malva has been cultivated in China for over 2,500 years, and is now cultivated in some countries of Europe as a tasty salad green. Directions: Pour 3 cups (750 ml) of boiling water over a tea bag and let brew for 10 to 30 minutes. Senna and malva verticillata are herbal laxatives that were used to promote bowel movements and cleansing. The ingredients of dieter’s tea may include senna (Senna alexandrina, also called Cassia angustifolia) and Chinese mallow (Malva verticillata), among other herbs. (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? Calendula which is known for its anti inflammatory properties. Introduction: Cassia angustifolia (Senna), used as a laxative, is a plant from the Fabaceae family. Planta Med 1990;56:168-70. These methods were used to determine the amount of sil-denafil in pharmaceutical preparations, soft drinks, and biological liquids. We suggest that sennosides A and B are not contained in the leaf of Malva verticillata L., and that the sennosides in health teas including malva leaves are not derived from malva leaf but from senna leaf. Detox Tea Blend – Detoxify contains. Phylogenetic analysis shows that CMV-DXC belongs to CMV subgroup II. precision and accuracy in the AQ concentration range of 1-400 mg/liter. Quick view Compare Choose Options. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. When this procedure was applied to commercial supplements, an DIA-adulterated capsule-type supplement was detected. Moreover, plant contents of herbal teas were classified into leaf, stem and others, and these were identified by comparison with characteristic components of senna using a stereoscopic microscope. Calendula which is known for its anti inflammatory properties. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. 50g. 2x 50g. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you. They were, Vanilla planifolia (Orchidiaceae) is a species that is renowned globally and represents the largest source of vanillin flavoring used in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Furthermore, in 10 samples of health tea including malva leaves that were bought last year, the smallest amount of sennosides was 6.1 mg/bag, and all health teas including malva leaves contained the leaf and midrib of senna. ANALYSIS OF VANILLIN BY TLC AND HPLC-PDA IN HERBAL MATERIAL AND TINCTURE FROM Vanilla planifolia Jac... Morphological Variations with Enhanced Accumulation of Anthocyanins in Malva sylvestris L. With Accu... Chemotaxonomic survey of anthraquinones and pre-anthraquinones in roots of Aloe species. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1991;39:2630-2. Although 3 Ballerina Tea claims to aid in weight loss, it's really a laxative, meaning it could have some unwanted side effects and even be dangerous long term. The seeds are used as an anthelmintic, digestive, and to treat piles, skin diseases, and abdominal troubles. It includes hydroxyanthracene glycosides, also known as Senna Sennoside. Determination of sildenafil by various methods and in various media is reviewed in this paper. These observations are supported by TLC profiles. Our previous report showed that sennosides are contained in weight-reducing herbal teas including malva leaves, and that senna leaf is a herbal component in some teas. Anti-complementary and hypoglycemic activities of the glycans from the seeds of Malva verticillata. Háþrýstivökvagreining (HPLC) var notuð til að greina ginsenosíð sambönd í ginseng afurðum sem seldar eru hér á landi. Finally, DIA was identified and determined using a combination of three different analytical methods: HPLC/photodiode array, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), and LC/MS. 15. All rights reserved. Structural features and reticuloendothelial system-potentiating activity of MVS-I, the major neutral polysaccharide. These compounds appear to be characteristic constituents for the three genera Bulbine, Bulbinella and Kniphofia and support the idea that Kniphofia is not related to the Alooideae. The 5,15-DMM content of noni fruit puree and noni leaf infusion are between 0.186 to 0.202 μg/mL (ppm), and 5.82 to 20.93 ng/mL (ppb), respectively. The influences of solvent and herbal drug concentration were studied through an experimental design. The sensitivity of the detector (at 254 nm) for AQ permitted nanogram quantities to be determined. The relative standard deviations of sennosides A and B for intraday and interday analyses were 0.24~1.72% and 0.23~1.71, respectively. The linear calibration ranges of sennosides A and B were 7.52~37.60 μg/ml (r=0.9998) and 8.32~49.92 μg/ml (r=0.9999), The distribution of seven anthraquinones in the roots of some 46 species belonging to the genera Asphodelus, Asphodeline, Bulbine, Bulbinella and Kniphofia was studied by TLC and HPLC, 1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinones based on a chrysophanol unit are the main constituents of the subterranean metabolism in the subfamily Asphodeloideae. Planta Med 1990;56:73-6. Schischk, Greining ginsenosíð sambanda í gingseng afurðum, Determination of sennosides A and B in diet tea by HPLC, Chemotaxonomic significance of anthraquinones in the roots of Asphodeloideae (Asphodelaceae). Contains Caffeine. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for Chinese mallow. Six symptomatic plants and one symptomless plant were collected in Chongqing, China. The results also show that isoeleutherol is a useful chemotaxonomic character for the series Saponarieae. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. A rapid high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for determination of sennosides A and B in senna leaves, pods and diet tea. The contents of, Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn Skoða/Opna(view/open) An evaluation of ginseng products on the Icelandic market is described. Separation and identification of main medicinal saponin components from mass cell cultures of Panax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen. The leaves have a mild and very pleasant flavor. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the simultaneous analysis of the seven benzodiazepines (BZDs), oxazolam, nitrazepam, oxazepam, tofisopam, triazolam, clotiazepam and diazepam (DIA) is presented for application in the screening examination of dietary supplements as adulterants. Traditional Chinese herbology began in approximately 2500 B.C. The seed is characterized by a finely ridged seed coat and palisade-like malpighian cells, discontinuous transparent linea lucida in the upper half of the malpighian layer, hilum simple and oblong. Cluster Mallow, Cluster Malva, Malva, Malva verticillata, Mauve Chinoise, Mauve Crépue, Mauve Frisée, Mauve Verticillee, Whorled Mallow. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils … Seeds, Simultaneous Analysis of Seven Benzodiazepines in Dietary Supplements as Adulterants Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography and its Application to an Identification System for Diazepam, Detection of Thyroxine in Dietary Supplements Using an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Sildenafil Determination in Various Matrices: A Review, Simultaneous identification/determination system for phentolamine and sildenafil as adulterants in soft drinks advertising roborant nutrition, Origin of Sennosides in Dietary Supplements Containing Senna Stem. Effects of exogenous silver nitrate on anthocyanin accumulation have been examined. $17.86. The leaves are useful in habitual constipation. According to Ayurveda, it has the property of reducing “kapha” and “Vata.” The current communication provides a detailed account of the pharmacognostic investigation carried out on the seeds of C. angustifolia.. In three of these 11 samples, senna leaves and midribs were contained. More to consider from our brands. The study revealed that the seed samples procured from different places have similar morphological and physico-chemical values. Malva Leaves: The Malva or Chinese Mallow plant (Malva verticillata) is a member of the Malvaceae family which also includes the Marsh Mallow and the Hibiscus. Adults : Brew 1 tea bag daily. Malva (Malva verticillata, Dong Kui Zi) Tea by PhytoVie 25 tea bags: Currently not available for purchase. Chinese Mallow is a plant. I. The accuracy, expressed as the percent recovery of 1 after spiking at three concentrations ranged from 83.0% to 93.3%. The leaves have a mild and very pleasant flavor. In contrast, T4 was extracted with ethyl acetate from the supernatant, and then ethyl acetate layer was evaporated. This study was carried out to analyze by TLC and HPLC-PDA vanillin in herbal drug and tincture from V. planifolia. ... Polysaccharides, the major components of M. verticillata seeds, have been reported to show anti-complementary [6], immunological [7], and hypoglycemic activities [8]. The determination was carried out by using a gradient elution with acetonitrile and 1% acetic acid on an Inertsil ODS-2 column. The calibration curves of the seven BZDs showed good linearity and the correlation coefficients were better than 0.999 in all cases. Experts have revealed the dangers of drinking "detox" teas containing senna, which the Flat Tummy Tea's cleanse tea contains, as it is classified by the NHS as a medication used to treat constipation. Noni fruits and leaves, which have been used traditionally for thousands of years to improve health, are increasingly attracting the interests of consumers and researchers. Mass spectra of PHE and SIL by LC/MS were investigated with electrospray ionization (ESI) interface, under both positive and negative ion mode. Results The B. Venenum processed by five different methods were different in character, while no significant differences in the types and content of chemical constituents; The total content of resibufogenin and cinobufagin was more than 6%, which was consistent with the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia; 50 ℃ and 80 ℃ heat-drying of B. Venenum showed more effective inhibitiory effect than other dry methods.
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