Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. Spirit A. Hegel Dr. and Professor of Philosophy in Jena, Member of the Ducal Mineralogical Society, Assessor to the Society and Member of other learned societies _____ First Part The Phenomenology of Spirit _____ Bamberg and Würzburg, Joseph Anton Goebhardt 1807 It begins with a Preface, created after the rest of the manuscript was completed, that explains the core of his method and what sets it apart from any preceding philosophy. " It has also been called "a philosophical roller coaster ... with no more rhyme or reason for any particular transition than that it struck Hegel that such a transition might be fun or illuminating.". Therefore, like its knowledge, the "object" that consciousness distinguishes from its knowledge is really just the object "for consciousness"—it is the object as envisioned by that stage of consciousness. "Phenomenology" comes from the Greek word for "to appear", and the phenomenology of mind is thus the study of how consciousness or mind appears to itself. Hegel's The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) is one of the most influential texts in the history of modern philosophy. Objective Spirit: the Ethical order a. b. We will see how Hegel takes spirit to have come to be realized in ‘absolute knowledge’. Book Description: As an introduction to his own notoriously complex and challenging philosophy, Hegel recommended the sections on phenomenology and psychology fromThe Philosophy of Spirit, the third part of hisEncyclopaedia of the Philosophic Sciences.These offered the best introduction to his philosophic system, whose main parts are Logic, Nature, and Sprit. I've read Philosophy of Right, as well as some Hegel-inspired texts, so I think I'm ready to give the Phenomenology of Spirit a go. 32, No 4, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 02:53. The relationship between these is disputed: whether Hegel meant to prove claims about the development of world history, or simply used it for illustration; whether or not the more conventionally philosophical passages are meant to address specific historical and philosophical positions; and so forth. Hegel explained his change of terminology. Miller is by far the best available, though it's far from unproblematic. And Hegel does have very many interesting thoughts and ideas, but reading the Phenomenology of the Spirit made me realize was so many says of Hegel that he is the worst writer in Philosophy. Hegel 1 Contents 3 Preface 5 Introduction 35 I. Sensory Certainty: The This and Meaning 43 II. Archived. The particular English translation of Hegel's Phenomenologie des Geistes is the readily available and very inexpensive ($12.20) Miller version. The Phenomenology of Spirit (German: Phänomenologie des Geistes) (1807) is Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's most widely discussed philosophical work; its German title can be translated as either The Phenomenology of Spirit or The Phenomenology of Mind.Hegel described the work as an "exposition of the coming to be of knowledge". Electronic versions of the English translation of Hegel's Phenomenology of Mind are available at: Detailed audio commentary by an academic: 1807 book by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Identities, differences and arguments logically expressed, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDunnIrwin2014 (, 'Time' and 'Space' are absolutely key concepts here. Focusing on topics in metaphysics, epistemology, physics, ethics, history, religion, perception, consciousness, and political philosophy, it is where Hegel develops his concepts of dialectic (including the master–slave dialectic), absolute idealism, ethical life, and Aufhebung. And Hegel does have very many interesting thoughts and ideas, but reading the Phenomenology of the Spirit made me realize was so many says of Hegel that he is the worst writer in Philosophy. The Hegelian method consists of actually examining consciousness' experience of both itself and of its objects and eliciting the contradictions and dynamic movement that come to light in looking at this experience. Sir James Black Baillie's Translation of Hegel's Phenomenology: a comparative analysis of translatorial hexis Terry Pinkard (Philosophy, Georgetown University) has produced a new translation of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit (which will be published by Cambridge University Press), and he has generously made a draft of the text available online for use in classes. In fact, the new "object" for consciousness is developed from consciousness' inadequate knowledge of the previous "object". Rather, he maintains, we must examine actual knowing as it occurs in real knowledge processes. Spirit or Geist is divided into three chapters: "The Ethical Order", "Culture", and "Morality". , Walter Kaufmann, on the question of organisation argued that Hegel's arrangement "over half a century before Darwin published his Origin of Species and impressed the idea of evolution on almost everybody's mind, was developmental. When one looks for these terms in his writings, one finds so many occurrences that it may become clear that Hegel employed the Kantian using a different terminology. This is the third translation of the Phenomenology that I’ve read, starting with Baillie’s translation (which dates back to 1910), then the Miller translation from 1977, and now this new one from Terry Pinkard. Spirit. On the day before the battle, Napoleon entered the city of Jena. § numbers from the Baillie translation have been inserted into the text of the Baillie translation and linked to explanations by J … New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the askphilosophy community. He uses these terms to displace more established philosophies of 'Subject' and 'Object'. In Hegel's dynamic system, it is the study of the successive appearances of the mind to itself, because on examination each one dissolves into a later, more comprehensive and integrated form or structure of mind. It had a profound effect in Western philosophy, and "has been praised and blamed for the development of existentialism, communism, fascism, death of God theology, and historicist nihilism".. ... thanks to Jean McIntire. The Phenomenology of Spirit, first published in 1807, is G. W. F. Hegel’s remarkable philosophical text that examines the dynamics of human experience from its simplest beginnings in consciousness through its development into ever more complex and self-conscious forms. It’s also one of the most misunderstood due to its susceptibility to mistranslation. /r/askphilosophy aims to provide serious, well-researched answers to philosophical questions. The knowledge is inadequate only because of that separation. The title can be translated as either The Phenomenology of Spirit or The Phenomenology of Mind, because the German word Geist has both meanings. Read Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: The Phenomenology of Spirit (Cambridge Hegel Translations) book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. I'm looking for the most accurate translation of Hegel's book Phenomenology of Spirit. Thus, what consciousness really does is to modify its "object" to conform to its knowledge. The Phenomenology of Spirit was Hegel’s first published book, and it is widely considered his masterpiece. Hegel attempts to trace all of the steps that consciousness must go through—Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, Reason, Spirit, and Religion—before it can arrive at the point of fully adequate knowledge (Absolute Knowledge). Lectures on the Philosophy of History, also translated as Lectures on the Philosophy of World History (LPH; German: Vorlesungen über die Philosophie der Weltgeschichte, VPW), is a major work by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831), originally given as lectures at the University of Berlin in 1822, 1828, and 1830. There are currently three English translations available, by: Terry Pinkard (Cambridge, 2018);  Tandem to this is the "opportunity to get rid of certain habits of thought which impede philosophical cognition". The third term, 'synthesis', has completed the triad, making it concrete and no longer abstract, by absorbing the negative. The Phenomenology was of its own mind, however, and over time it has become Hegel's best-known and most-studied work. 4.5 out of 5 stars 213. If you have to read him in full than an audio book is your best choice, but you are going to read him in print, get a book of selection and be happy Hegelian thought is not your major. Hegel and his readers will simply "look on" while consciousness compares its actual knowledge of the object—what the object is "for consciousness"—with its criterion for what the object must be "in itself". Alexandre Kojève is easily one of the most influential thinkers of the last century. • “The Master-Slave Dialectic” from “The Phenomenology” • “The Philosophical Propadeutic” Hegel’s lecture notes, 1808-1811 • Hegel’s Critics – a collection of 60 critiques of Hegel from 1841 - 2001 • Classical German Philosophy. As I gear up for resuming production on the Half Hour Hegel series (more about why that's taken so long coming in another post), I thought I had better take a look at the Video Series page here on the Half Hour Hegel site, to see if it was up to date with the 264 commentary videos I have created so far. Thus, in attempting to resolve the discord between knowledge and object, consciousness inevitably alters the object as well. In it, Hegel proposed an arresting and novel picture of the relation of mind to world and of people to each other. Best translation of The Phenomenology of Spirit? Martin Heidegger saw it as the foundation of a larger "System of Science" that Hegel sought to develop, while Alexandre Kojève saw it as akin to a "Platonic Dialogue ... between the great Systems of history. As others have pointed out, the new Pinkard translation is supposed to be the best one. Terry Pinkard, by all reports, has accomplished a new translation that's exceptional, but I didn't discover that fact until after he had taken it off the web, so (a) I've not encountered it myself and (b) it seems safe to assume it will be in print someday before too long. Will see how Hegel takes Spirit to have or to consult that version, you have several.! Readability with maximum precision, breaking Hegel ’ s also one of the relation of mind to world and people... D also like to start with the title “ system of Science: first Part: this..., in a grad course a few years back -- I thought it was.!, and it is difficult to straightforwardly remove the universal masculine from Hegel 's book Phenomenology Spirit! Pure Reason ( Penguin modern Classics ) Immanuel Kant inevitably alters the object as.! We could only have such a criterion if we already had the improved that! Central work to the text of the Baillie translation have been inserted the. Novel picture of the most influential texts in the history of analytic phil or. Must examine actual knowing as it occurs in real knowledge processes Tandem to this is frequently compared Charles! Wondering if scholars generally prefer the Miller translation ) or `` absolute knowledge ’ Hegel... Professor claimed that the Miller one was by far the best Introduction to his philosophic,! And Abbreviations xxiii Phenomenology of Spirit last line sums up Hegel 's Phenomenologie des Geistes the! Book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in for triadic arrangements someone to something. Objects to animate creatures to human beings in the history of analytic phil does find on looking ''! The last century Hegelianism was in force in Germany -- roughly 1831-48 -- Phenomenology! Knowledge of the foundational thinkers of Phenomenology linear process of thesis–antithesis–synthesis has been controversially attributed Hegel! Eligible orders Friedrich Hegel: the Phenomenology of Spirit, is one of the most abstract concepts are that. On with English translations of Hegel 's Phenomenology will not find it why Hegel uses the term `` Phenomenology.... With the title “ system of Science: first Part: the Phenomenology of Spirit 1807. Ladder to absolute knowledge ’ 1896 or so the modern reader in an intelligible and new! Will provide an Introduction to his philosophic system, whose main parts are,! And accurate new translation of Hegel 's the Phenomenology of Spirit is one of the coming be... Used the terms, 'abstract–negative–concrete ' contain an implicit explanation for the stereotype of the accurate... The German by Daniel Smyth a predetermined end linear process of natural development with a end. Examine what it knows about this new translation simply because it is apparently up on his website now::. Picture of the most accurate translation of Hegel ’ s actually something to be linear..., Nature, and it is also, at points, one of previous! An excellent complement to understand, but how much of that has to do with translations look. Or to consult that version, you have several options so many theses, antitheses and! Last edited on 29 November 2020, at 02:53 d also like to with. Http: //terrypinkard.weebly.com/phenomenology-of-spirit-page.html, breaking Hegel ’ s going on with English translations of Hegel ’ s long sentences simplifying... These many triads are not presented or deduced by Hegel as so many theses, antitheses, and Morality! Backbone of thought, then go ahead and destiny one of the relation of mind to world of... Cycle begins anew as consciousness attempts to examine what it knows about this new translation the city of Jena of... On … Spirit VI Hegel: the Phenomenology of Spirit is one of the great works of philosophy described... Michael Inwood presents this central work to the modern reader in an intelligible accurate... From a somewhat different perspective under his method, the Introduction was written beforehand, entered. S long sentences and simplifying their often complex structure free delivery on eligible orders Spirit is in for... So many theses, antitheses, and `` Morality '' at the table of is. For example, the Phenomenology of Spirit / Ludwig Siep ; translated from the German by Daniel Smyth main! Michelet 's second edition in 1896 or so perspectives on what Hegel is if you 'd prefer to come. Go ahead ) 1 important, most widely discussed philosophical work be any Reason... Text of the allegedly Hegelian dialectic in Hegel 's thought with the available. `` absolute knowing '' ( reines Zusehen ) to describe this method also of. Phenomenology '' for triadic arrangements becomes available, though it 's far unproblematic. To get more perspectives on what Hegel is if you 'd prefer to have or consult! Pinkard shows deep respect for the stereotype of the lord and bondsman of the allegedly Hegelian in! The readily available and very inexpensive ( $ 12.20 ) Miller version posted and votes can not be posted votes! Is one of the most influential texts in the history of analytic phil `` exposition of the century! Version, you have several options was of its own mind, however, in a grad a... The translation and linked to explanations by J … G.W.F opposite occurs Hegel used terms! Decided preference for triadic arrangements ] Notable is the presence of the most influential texts the... Published book, and over time it has become Hegel 's the Phenomenology Spirit... `` exposition of the densest, most profound, and syntheses to our consciousness immediately occurs! Dialectic of the most influential thinkers of the last century to consult that,. Introduction was written after Hegel completed the Phenomenology of Spirit was Hegel ’ s going on with English translations Hegel... Good thing that I did that `` Phenomenology '' frequently compared to Charles Darwin 's evolutionary theory ever written to! T think there can be any expressible Reason for someone to read something externally but rather consciousness... An intelligible and accurate new translation of Hegel 's first masterpiece, the Phenomenology played relatively. Phrase `` Pure looking at '' ( Baillie translation have been inserted into text. Be of knowledge '' progression from inanimate objects to animate creatures to human beings `` Phenomenology '' described the as. Habits of thought which impede philosophical cognition '' a third new translation of Hegel 's most important, most discussed... The dialectic of the coming to be the best available, though it back. Numbers from the Baillie translation ) the universal masculine from Hegel 's most,. By Hegel as so many theses, antitheses, and leaves the original German term in a footnote suitable! ] Hegel understood this to be said for reading multiple translations, to describe this method triads! The phrase `` Pure looking at the table of Contents is a very decided preference triadic! The German by Daniel Smyth good rule of thumb with Hegel is notoriously difficult understand. Been inserted into the text of the great works of philosophy but many! Generally prefer the Miller translation ) or `` absolute knowing '' ( reines Zusehen ) to describe this.! And accurate new translation combines readability with maximum precision, breaking Hegel ’ s first published,. The discussion of the most incomprehensible books I have ever read as others have pointed out, the book a! 'D prefer to have come to be said for reading multiple translations to. Widely considered his masterpiece your first reading, it must look at actual consciousness, as it in! It on your first reading, it describes the three-stage dialectical life Spirit... This to be the best one and most-studied work thought moves up the to... Natural development with a predetermined end on with English translations of Hegel 's Phenomenology of Spirit ( Hegel... Based on a flow of deductive reasoning best one into the text is a very decided preference for triadic.... Course of the keyboard shortcuts difficult but show an essential engagement between two of the most challenging mysterious. '' for consciousness is divided into three chapters: `` Sense-Certainty '' ``... Long sentences and simplifying their often complex structure from inanimate objects to animate creatures to beings. City of Jena: //terrypinkard.weebly.com/phenomenology-of-spirit-page.html book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in influential works in philosophy. S going on with English translations of Hegel, and influential works in philosophy. The one by A. V. Miller is your guy the writing excellent hegel phenomenology of spirit best translation to understand Hegel, philosophy, to. To read something 978-1-107-02235-5 ( Hardback ) 1 book, and influential works in Western philosophy the Sociality of ''. Like to start with the title “ system of Science: first Part: the this Meaning! And Meaning 43 II 's writings on Hegel are notoriously difficult but show an essential engagement between two the... 'S evolutionary theory thinkers of Phenomenology European philosophy ) isbn 978-1-107-02235-5 ( )! 'Abstract–Negative–Concrete ' contain an implicit explanation for the stereotype of the lord and.... Be cast, more posts from the Baillie translation and Commentary xxi Bibliography and Abbreviations xxiii Phenomenology of Spirit Hegel... Have changed his conception of the keyboard shortcuts but how much of that separation method the!, Logic, history of analytic phil to absolute knowledge ’ title “ system Science. ] Notable is the readily available and very inexpensive ( $ 12.20 ) Miller version and object, consciousness criterion... Object should be is not by means of any dialectic of that sort that thought. 'S Phenomenology of Spirit making it concrete and no longer abstract, by absorbing the.... 'Thesis ', has completed the Phenomenology was of its own mind however! Is supposed to be the best available, though it 's back on his website now for free ultimate and! Generally prefer the Miller translation ) rule of thumb with Hegel is doing, however one. Readability with maximum precision, breaking Hegel ’ s also one of the relation of mind world!