A model SFX01 Batong line train at Shuangqiao. Line 13, a half loop that links the northern suburbs, first opened on the western half from Huilongguan to Xizhimen on September 28, 2002 and the entire line became operational on January 28, 2003. Line 4 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁4号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě sìhào xiàn) is a subway line in Beijing's mass transit network. Most Beijing Subway rolling stock, such as this DKZ5 Line 13 train, run on 1,435 millimetres (56.5 in) standard gauge track, drawing 750V direct current (DC) electrical power from the third rail. [209], On July 19, 2012, a man was fatally shot at Hujialou station by a sniper from the Beijing Special Weapons and Tactics Unit after taking a subway worker hostage. Entrance D to Xisi station on Line 4. Jump to navigation Jump to search. 9, 24, 126, 619, 673, 674, 804, Special Line 2, Night Line 28, Capital Airport Shuttle Bus Line 3, Capital Airport Shuttle Bus Xidan Night Line, Nanyuan Airport Shuttle Bus Railway Station Line. [98], The subway was proposed in September 1953 by the city's planning committee and experts from the Soviet Union. Until 2003 nearly all trains were manufactured by the Changchun Railway Vehicles Company Ltd., now a subsidiary of the China CNR Corporation. Beijing now has 22 metro lines. [206] On September 17, 2010, Line 9 tunnels under construction beneath Yuyuantan Lake were flooded, killing one worker. After fares rose again to ¥3.00 in 2000, annual ridership fell to 434 million from 481 million in 1999. [116] The Beijing municipal government covered these deficits to encourage mass transit use, and reduce traffic congestion and air pollution. Subway ridership fell sharply during the coronavirus pandemic. Fangshan line will be extended to the Third Ring Road and be connected with Lines 10 and 16.[32]. Beijing has approved the feasibility report of a new subway line that travels through the city's bustling central business district (CBD) in the eastern area, according to the municipal economic planner. The existing network still cannot adequately meet the city's mass transit needs. Download preview. On June 6, 2008, prior to the opening of Line 10, a worker was crushed to death inside an escalator in Zhichunlu station when an intern turned on the moving staircase. It was first introduced to the inhabitants in 1969. The Line 6 extension and the third and fourth phase of Line 8, which cover 28.6 km, went into trial operation on Sunday, hoping to ease traffic congestion in the capital city. The northern extension to Huilongguan Dongdajie Staiton marked … and has 394 stations] By route length in operation, the Beijing Subway is the second longest subway system in the world after the Shanghai Metro. [22] Before the flat fare schedule was introduced on October 7, 2007, fares ranged from ¥3 to ¥7, depending on the line and number of transfers. The subway was plagued by numerous accidents in its early years, including a fire in 1969 that killed six people and injured over 200. [113] Land clearing for Lines 4 and 10 began in November 2003 and construction commenced by the end of the year. The first train 5:10 The last train 22:55 SIHUI East—PINGGUOYUAN. Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd. Beijing Metro Operation Administration (BJMOA) Corp., Ltd. 12 urban and suburban districts of Beijing. [10] After reaching ¥100 of spending in one calendar month, 20% of any further spending up to ¥150 will be credited. [182] The number of stations with passenger flow restrictions reached 110 in January 2019, affecting all lines except Lines 15, 16, Fangshan, Yanfang and S1. The Seoul subway system is located in the metropolitan capital city of … Construction is underway to extend a few of the existing lines and add new lines to the system. [110] National leaders Wen Jiabao, Jia Qinglin, Yu Zhengsheng and mayor Liu Qi were on hand to mark the occasion. The M-series train that appeared on Lines 2 and 13 were made by Japan's. on Lines 5[164] and 10;[165] 2 min. [124], After the Chinese government announced a ¥4 trillion economic stimulus package in November 2008, the Beijing urban planning commission further expedited subway building plans, especially for elevated lines to suburban districts that are cheaper to build. There are a further 10 lines under construction, four of which are planned for completion by 2012. [106] The line delivered 11 million rides in 1973, averaging 54,000 riders per day. In 2014, Beijing planning authorities assessed mass transit monorail lines for areas of the city in which subway construction or operation is difficult. As of November 2020[update], Lines 8 and 14 each operate in two separate sections. [162] In short term response, the subway upgraded electrical, signal and yard equipment to increase the frequency of trains to add additional capacity. The line is fully underground. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. The Beijing Metro is the most important means of transportation in this Chinese capital. [108] After a fare hike to ¥0.50 in 1991, annual ridership declined slightly to 371 million. See subway maps for reference. [110] The full-length of Line 1 became operational on June 28, 2000. Line 1 runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east–west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square.Line 1's color is red. [147][148] The cost includes land acquisition, compensation to relocate residents and firms, actual construction costs and equipment purchase. Transfer stations are counted more than once. [108], On September 20, 1984, a second line was opened to the public. [10][11] For all lines except the two Airport Express lines, fares start at ¥3 for a trip up to 6 km in distance, with ¥1 added for the next 6 km, for every 10 km thereafter until the trip distance reaches 32 km, and for every 20 km beyond the first 32 km. In July 2001, the Beijing Municipal Government reorganized the subway company into the Beijing Subway Group Company Ltd., a wholly city-owned holding company, which assumed ownership of all of the subway's assets. The rail network extends 699.3 km (434.5 mi) across 12 urban and suburban districts of Beijing, and has 405 stations. The average ridership on the subway is 9.75 million. The accident happened on the second day of APEC China 2014 meetings in the city during which the municipal government has banned cars from the roads on alternate days to ease congestion and reduce pollution during the summit – measures which the capital's transport authorities have estimated would lead to an extra one million passengers on the subway every day.[212]. Since then, both cities not only grew their populations to more than 20 million inhabitants each; both cities also expanded their metros to become the longest (Shanghai) and second longest (Beijing) subway networks in the world with a length of 650km and 550km connecting 382 and 339 subway stations respectively. With the three extensions increasing the network to 372 km, the Beijing metro now has 227 stations on 15 lines, with daily passenger traffic expected to reach seven million. Line 1 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁1号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě yīhào xiàn) is the oldest and one of the busiest lines of Beijing's mass transit rail network. Elevated Line 5 station and platform at Tiantongyuan. [213] The letters B, G, and D form the pinyin abbreviation for On February 4, 1965, Chairman Mao Zedong personally approved the project. Currently exceeded in length by the metro in Shanghai, China’s largest city and premier cultural and economic force, the Beijing Subway is an evolving project that will make it the longest in the country. By route length in operation, the Beijing Subway is the world's longest metro system. Platforms are equipped with half-high platform screen doors. Copyright © 2020 CGTN. Unlimited ride periodic ticket are available by these period by using QR code to use since Jan 20, 2019. [204] On March 29, 2007, the construction site at the Suzhoujie station on Line 10 collapsed, burying six workers. Beitucheng station for Lines 8 and 10, which along with the Capital Airport Express, opened on July 19, 2008. Each of the following lines provides extensive service within the Line 10 loop. The ceremony was not publicized at the time because the project was classified for its national security implications. The rail network extends 699.3 km (434.5 mi) across 12 urban and suburban districts of Beijing and into one district of Langfang in neighboring Hebei province. [109] Construction began on the eastern extension on June 24, 1992, and the Xidan station opened on December 12, 1992. So it can be namely depending on the Customer quite different lengths last, when it is really visible Results should go. The network length would be 690.5 km (429.1 mi) if the. Entire Length of Beijing Metro: 678.2 km / 421.4 mi: 1st day of Beijing Metro: 1st October 1969: Number of Vehicles in use: 5,656 (as of 2018) [68], According to the most recent plan announced in November 2018, the line is upgraded to a subway line, not an automatic people mover (APM). [129] Previously, Lines 3, 12 and 16 were being planned for the more distant future. | Family CBD Clinic. After witnessing several serious subway accidents in South Korea (e.g. [207] On June 1, 2011, one worker was killed when a section of Line 6 under construction in Xicheng District near Ping'anli collapsed. [139] The subway's total length reached 456 km (283 mi). Basic information about the metro in Beijing. It is operated by the Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corporation Limited. If your plans to travel to China include a visit to China’s capital city in the near future, there’s a lot of value in this free downloadable Beijing subway Map. The four-car train sets of the Capital Airport Express have linear motors of instead of rotary motors. It connects most of the main office buildings and residential compounds in the CBD area. With this extension line 10 is now Beijing’s longest subway line with a length of 54.8 km. [141], On December 28, 2014, the subway network expanded by 62.2 km (38.6 mi) to 18 lines and 527 km (327 mi) with the opening of Line 7, the eastern extension of line 6 (from Caofang to Lucheng), the eastern section of line 14 (from Jintailu to Shangezhuang), and the western extension of line 15 (from Wangjing West to Qinghuadongluxikou). Passengers wear masks and maintain social distancing on a Line 4 train on March 23, 2020. Line 8 was planned as the subway line that follows Beijing's central north–south axis. BEIJING, Dec. 30 (Xinhua) -- The total length of operational subway lines in Beijing were extended to 637 km on Sunday with the trial operation of two extension lines. on Batong; 3 min. [102], Construction began on July 1, 1965, at a ceremony attended by national leaders including Zhu De, Deng Xiaoping, and mayor Peng Zhen. Beijing Suburban Railway is operated by the China Railway Beijing Group. It’s the second longest subway system in the world after the Shanghai Metro. Beijing Metro is the oldest and busiest subway system in China. [108] This horseshoe-shaped line was created from the eastern half of the initial line and corresponds to the southern half of the present-day Line 2. The Xijiao line uses five-car trams and can reach a top speed of 70 km/h (43 mph). All stations built since 2007 have platform doors, including the Weigongcun station on Line 4, which opened September 28, 2009. [112] Work on Line 5 had already begun on September 25, 2000. [48] Line 19 was planned to run north–south, from Mudanyuan to Xin'gong. [106], From 1971 to 1975, the subway was shut down for 398 days for political reasons. It now forms a rectangular loop around central Beijing, an area that is roughly equivalent to the old city, which includes the four precincts: Dongcheng Qu (Eastern Urban Precinct), Xicheng Qu (Western Urban Precinct), Xuanwu Precinct and Chongwen Precinct. The subway's logo, a capital letter "G" encircling a capital letter "D" with the letter "B" silhouetted inside the letter D, was designed by Zhang Lide, a subway employee, and officially designated in April 1984. In the end, Premier Zhou Enlai managed to preserve several walls and gates, such as the Qianmen gate and its arrow tower by slightly altering the course of the subway.[104]. : 'Beijing high-speed electric carriage'). These new extensions and lines will be operational in 2019~2021. Parts of the wall are in poor condition or else crowded with visitors. 30 sec. On the same day, subway fares were reduced from between ¥3 and ¥7 per trip, depending on the line and number of transfers, to a single flat fare of ¥2 with unlimited transfers. The Great Wall was built across six districts or counties in Beijing, such as Pinggu, Miyun, Huairou, Yanqing, Changping and Mentougou from east to west. Forming a half hoop shape, it protected the safety of this city. They studied the use of the Moscow Metro to protect civilians, move troops and headquarter military command posts during the Battle of Moscow, and planned the Beijing Subway for both civilian and military use.[99]. Beijing Subway is the busiest metro system in the world. The new subway line 28, also known as the CBD line, will have a total length of 8.9 km with nine stations, from Dongdaqiao station to Guangqudonglu station, Beijing Municipal Commission of Development and Reform announced. [117] Batong line, built as an extension to Line 1 to Tongzhou District, was opened as a separate line on December 27, 2003. [133] In the same year, the Beijing government unveiled an ambitious expansion plan envisioning the subway network to reach a track density of 0.51 km per km2 (0.82 mi per sq. Here is an overview map of it: The general plan of Beijing Subway by 2021 (From Wikipedia) South Railway Station. All have connections to seven or more lines. Line 6 runs 30.4 km from Wuluju in Haidian district in the west of the city to Caofang in Chaoyang district in the east. The most convenient and quickest way to buy your ticket is by using the self service machines, although these may be packed in peak times and you may find yourself in a queue. Beijing Subway, Chinas oldest metro system, currently ranks as the worlds third longest subway system comprising of 17 operatinglines spanning a t… Ridership reached a new high of 3.66 billion. on Line 15;[164] 3 min. Riders were subject to searches of their persons and belongings at all stations by security inspectors using metal detectors, X-Ray machines and sniffer dogs. Some of the older stations on Lines 1 and 2 have escalators that descend from the station entrances to the ticket counters one level below ground level but do not extend to the platform two levels below. [135] Retroactively implying that the original three ring, four horizontal, five vertical and seven radial plan was part of Phase I expansion. Second only to the Shanghai Metro system, it is the second longest metro network with 18 lines, covering 334 stations and spanning over a length of 554 km. Line 16 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁16号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě shíliù hàoxiàn) is a rapid transit rail line in Beijing.Currently, the line is 19.6 km (12.2 mi) in length with 10 stations. Under subway regulations, riders with mobility limitations may obtain assistance from subway staff to enter and exit stations and trains, and visually impaired riders may bring assistance devices and guide dogs into the subway. and 35 sec. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Take subway line 2 or bus nos. The addition of 69.8 km (43 mi) of track increased the network length to 442 km (275 mi) and allowed the subway to overtake the Shanghai Metro, for several months, as the world's longest metro. Ridership varies between 9.8 and 11.6 million per day on an average week. The line was opened on December 30, 2017. [102][105] It ran 21 km (13 mi) from Gucheng to the Beijing Railway Station and had 16 stations. It was the first subway to be built in China, and predates the metros of Hong Kong, Seoul, Singapore, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C., but technical problems would plague the project for the next decade. Lines 14 and 16 trains run on standard gauge track and draw 1500V DC power from overhead electrical lines. Overall, the line delivered 8.28 million rides in 1971, averaging 28,000 riders per day. On subway maps, the Capital Airport Express' color is magnolia. The annual ridership of the metro in 2012 was 2.276 billion. [183], Interchange stations that permit transfers across two or more subway lines receive heavy traffic passenger flow. [100] But Beijing's high water table and high pressure head of ground water which complicated construction and posed risk of leakage, and along with the inconvenience of transporting passengers long distances from the surface, led the authorities to abandon the deep tunnel plan in May 1960 in favor of cut-and-cover shallow tunnels some 20 m (66 ft) below the surface. The first line of the Shanghai Metro was opened in 1993, and the system is currently operated with 12 lines and 303 stations. It ranks second in the world by annual ridership with 3.88 billion rides delivered in 2019. Each of the four original stations on the Olympic Branch Line (Line 8) has a unique interior decor style. [114] Most new subway construction projects were funded by loans from the Big Four state banks. [155], On April 4, 2020 at 10:00am, Beijing Subway trains joined in China's national mourning of lives lost in the coronavirus pandemic, by stopping for three minutes and sounding their horns three times, as conductors and passengers stood in silence. The light rail transit trams on the Xijiao (Western Suburban) line run on standard gauge track and draw power 750V alternating current (AC) electrical power from overhead lines. Beijing Metro – Ticket Machines. [214] The 19 ha (47 acres) park was built using dirt and debris removed from the construction of the Daxing Line and contains old rolling stock, sculpture, and informational displays. The opening of line 6, Beijing’s second east-west subway line running parallel to line 1 is expected to bring a number of benefits. [13] Senior citizens over the age of 65, individuals with physical disabilities, retired revolutionary cadres, police and army veterans who had been wounded in action, military personnel and People's Armed Police can ride the subway for free.[14]. [99] After the end of the Korean War, Chinese leaders turned their attention to domestic reconstruction. In February 2012, the city government confirmed that Lines Line 3, Line 12, {{BJS lines|17)), and Line 19 were under planning as part of Phase II expansion. The Beijing Subway, first opened in 1969, is the country's oldest, so it got a bit of a head start on Shanghai. The Beijing Subway is the rapid transit system of Beijing Municipality, and consists of 22 lines including 20 conventional track metro lines, one maglev line and one light rail line. The Beijing Subway is the oldest metro service operating in mainland China, since the 1st of October 1969. Most of the reported fatalities on the subway are the result of suicides. On December 28, 1987, the two existing lines were reconfigured into Lines 1, which ran from Pingguoyuan to Fuxingmen and Line 2, in its current loop, tracing the Ming city wall. 31, 138, Special Line 87 leads there. "Beijing starts passenger security checks in all subway stations", "Backgrounder: Major metro accidents in China", "Two killed in Beijing subway construction site accident", "Xinhuan News - One dead, 28 injured in Beijing subway escalator accident", "Beijing Subway Hostage Taker Shot: Armed Standoff At Hujialou Station Ends In Bloodshed", "Beijing subway train derails during testing of new section of tracks", http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1634392/beijing-subway-passengers-tried-raise-alarm-accident-victim-was-dragged, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beijing_Subway&oldid=991991175, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, connects Fangshan Line to Line 10 and Line 16, West section of Phase 1 (Winter Olympic section), The main operator is the wholly state-owned, The Beijing Public Transit Tramway Co., Ltd. (北京公交有轨电车有限公司), formed in 2017, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Beijing Public Transport Corporation (北京公共交通控股(集团)有限公司 or BPTC) that operates the, The most common rolling stock of the Beijing Subway is the Type-B car, which has a carrying capacity of 245 passengers per car and top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph), drawing 750. The AFC machines are supplied by the following companies: Thales (Lines 1, 2 and Batong), Samsung SDS (Lines 4, 8 and 10), Founder, OMRON (Line 5), Nippon Signal (Lines 13 & Airport Express). [11], Same station transfers are free on all subway lines except the two Airport Express lines and the Xijiao Line, which require the purchase of a new fare when transferring to or from those lines. 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beijing metro length

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